Water Challenges in Cambodia Cambodia’s agricultural sector is its primary water user, accounting for up to 96% of total water consumption each year.  Rice production is central to this, but rice productivity in Cambodia is low compared with surrounding countries. Despite the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) making significant efforts to increase the area available […]


Water challenges in Lao PDR Situated almost entirely within the Mekong River Basin, Lao PDR has abundant freshwater resources. The mountainous country accesses water from a number of Mekong tributaries and smaller water bodies, supporting irrigation, hydropower and fisheries as well as water supply for urban and rural communities. However, water use in Lao PDR […]


Water challenges in Thailand Water management challenges in Thailand are becoming increasingly complex due to growing demand, rapid urbanisation, land use change, aging infrastructure, exacerbated by the impacts of a changing climate.  Water scarcity is a major issue across large parts of Thailand, particularly in the centre, north and northeast. A severe drought in 2020 […]


Downstream water challenges and a variable climate Almost 100 million people reside in Vietnam, which is widely known for its many beaches and rivers. But with more than 60% of Vietnam’s total yearly surface water discharge generated outside the country, Vietnam is heavily impacted by water resource management decisions made in upstream countries.  While Vietnam’s […]


A diverse set of water challenges and opportunities The Indonesian archipelago is home to 277 million people, spread across over 17,500 islands. As the fourth most populated country in the world, Indonesia’s water challenges are as diverse as its geography and people. An underlying issue is that water and population in Indonesia are unevenly distributed. […]


Water Challenges in Timor-Leste Timor-Leste is located in Southeast Asia on the southern edge of the Indonesian archipelago. It occupies the eastern half of the island of Timor as well as the nearby islands of Atauro, Jaco and Oecusse. The western half of the island of Timor is governed by Indonesia. Situated north-west of Darwin, Timor-Leste […]

Skip to content