Southeast Asia


Downstream water challenges and a variable climate

Almost 100 million people reside in Vietnam, which is widely known for its many beaches and rivers. But with more than 60% of Vietnam’s total yearly surface water discharge generated outside the country, Vietnam is heavily impacted by water resource management decisions made in upstream countries. 

While Vietnam’s total surface water discharge is high, it varies greatly between river basins and is significantly different between wet and dry seasons. The uneven distribution of rainfall results in frequent water shortages throughout the country, compounding existing competition for water between different sectors.

In addition to an increase in conflicts over access to water, a lack of infrastructure and financial capacity means that there is actually relatively low utilisation of available water supply. Efficient infrastructure and effective institutions are high priorities for Vietnam as it works to ensure safe, secure and sustainable water systems for all.

AWP’s water support to Vietnam

AWP works across multiple areas of water management in Vietnam, and includes support to the development and implementation of legislation, river basin management, modernisation of irrigation systems, and urban water management through twinning with utilities and engagement with businesses. Some examples of the types of activities that AWP has supported in Vietnam are below. 

AWP has several years of cooperation with the Asia Development Bank and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development to support the Water Efficiency Improvement in Drought Affected Provinces (WEIDAP) program. Partners have shared experience on the planning, design and implementation of irrigation modernisation. There is also a dialogue on pathways for equitable water pricing within irrigation systems. 

With the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, AWP is supporting cooperation between Vietnamese and Australian experts on inputs on the Amendment of the Law on Water resources, National Water resources planning, river basin planning, developing river basin organisation and guidance for implementation of environmental flows.

Recent activities to promote inclusion in the water sector have engaged people with disabilities and young water professionals in research and outreach activities. 

Projects in Vietnam

An image of an old woman carrying rice along a path in Vietnam

Valuing the Benefits of Nature-based Solutions for Integrated Urban Flood Management in Thailand and Vietnam

According to projections by the United Nations, by 2050, 68 percent of the world population will live in urban areas, up from 55 percent in 2018.
Helping Vietnam modernise irrigation for high-value crops

Vietnam Water Law Pilot Study

Supporting Vietnam in developing a shared methodology to road test the water charging manuals under the new Law on Hydraulic Work.
Vietnam Water Charging Manuals

Vietnam Water Charging Manuals

Supporting the development of manuals to implement the water charging regime component of the new Law on Hydraulic Work in Vietnam.
Water Efficiency Improvement in Drought Affected Provinces

Water Efficiency Improvement in Drought Affected Provinces

Modernising irrigation systems in five drought-prone provinces in the South Central Coastal and Central Highland regions of Vietnam.
Mekong Delta Integrated Climate Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods

Mekong Delta Integrated Climate Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods

Technical advice on the development of operations manuals and upgrades on irrigation systems for a World Bank initiative in Vietnam.
People standing at plant in Vietnam

Australia-Vietnam Water Utility Improvement Program

Water utility twinning between Vietnamese and Australian water utilities striving towards excellence in the water utility sector.

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