India

India is facing a potentially severe water crisis, with demand expected to outpace supply by 50% by 2030 unless major water management reforms are undertaken.  Surface water is commonly over-allocated and ground water is being extracted at unsustainable rates.  Water quality is declining due to urban waste, untreated sanitation and industrial pollution.  Droughts and floods claim many lives each year, and climate change evidence points to an increase in both frequency and severity.

India welcomes technical cooperation and the water engagement targets sharing experience, technical expertise and technology.  Over the past seven years, Australia’s strategy to establish water management cooperation with India has primarily focussed on the Central Government and primarily on building a relationship with the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (MOWR), the Central Water Commission (CWC) and the National Mission for a Clean Ganga, which more recently has been incorporated into MOWR.  Australia’s water management cooperation is conducted under a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) re-signed in 2014 by the then Prime Ministers of both countries.

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